Thursday, July 22, 2010

Smithsonian project



Military Service

Essential Question:
What are the rights of a citizen?

Explain Romans established that one of the highest rights was the right to serve in the military- with leading others only reserved to actual full citizens.

-3/5 citizenship for African America- not allowed to be paid while serving as soldiers unless great need, not allowed to lead (The law of 1792, which generally prohibited enlistment of blacks in the Army became the United States Army's official policy until 1862.)
-In order to have enough people for the union army Lincoln permitted AA to join and be paid
Were not allowed to lead until after the war
Lt. Henry O. Flipper served in the 10th cavalry and was the first Black to receive a commission and graduate from West Point.
- Buffalo soldiers Charles Young became a colonel in 1916 and commanded Fort Huachuca, Arizona in 1916-1917. He was the first African American to achieve the rank of Colonel. http://www.cabq.gov/humanrights/public-information-and-education/diversity-booklets/black-heritage-in-new-mexico/civil-war-buffalo-soldiers
Following the Civil War, the Army disbanded volunteer “colored” regiments, and established six Regular Army regiments of black troops with white officers. In 1869, the infantry regiments were reorganized into the 24th and 25th Infantry. The two cavalry regiments, the 9th and 10th, were retained. These regiments were posted in the West and Southwest where they were heavily engaged in the Indian War. During the Spanish-American War, all four regiments saw service.

-Became officers in WWI
Served as equals only under French command
Still unequal and discriminated under US command
http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwi/articles/fightingforrespect.aspx
What does the pen and ink of the African American in the picture tell you?


-WWII
African-American soldiers played a significant role in World War II. More than half a million served in Europe. Despite the numbers they faced racial discrimination: prior to the war the military maintained a racially segregated force. In studies by the military, blacks were often classified as unfit for combat and were not allowed on the front lines. They were mostly given support duties, and were not allowed in units with white soldiers.
Retired U.S. Army Colonel Bill De Shields, a historian and founder of The Black Military History Institute of America in Annapolis, Maryland, says, "The symbol of black participation at that time was 'the Double V'. in other words, 'Double V' meant two victories: victory against the enemy abroad, and victory against the enemy at home. The enemy at home of course being racism, discrimination, prejudice and Jim Crow."
Despite orders from President Harry Truman in 1948 to integrate the U.S. military, black soldiers were still kept in separate units during the Korean War, which lasted until 1953.http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/a-13-2005-05-10-voa47-67929177.html

What does the Painting of soldiers in WWII tell you?

the third picture is the one of Obama by Fairey. The stylized one- sorry I cannot show it. We have permission to use it for the exhibit-but the Washington Post owns it.

- Today- President Obama as Commander and Chief....


5 comments:

Renee said...

looks like some good info and how need to pull in artwork. But I thought you were not going back to the classroom?

Janette said...

I am not going back to the classroom.
I am actually working with the Smithsonian on this Civil Rights project:>) It started last year and will finish in October with the seven teachers flying back to open the exhibit at the American Art Museum.
AGGG! The rough lesson plans are due tomorrow.

Buffalo Soldier 9 said...

Keep telling that history:

Read the novel, Rescue at Pine Ridge, "RaPR", where Buffalo Bill Cody meets a Buffalo Soldier. A great story of black military history...the first generation of Buffalo Soldiers.

How do you keep a people down? ‘Never' let them 'know' their history.

The 7th Cavalry got their butts in a sling again after the Little Big Horn Massacre, fourteen years later, the day after the Wounded Knee Massacre. If it wasn't for the 9th Cavalry Buffalo Soldiers, there would of been a second massacre of the 7th Cavalry.

Read the novel, “Rescue at Pine Ridge”, 5 stars Amazon, Barnes & Noble and the youtube trailer commercial...and visit the website http://www.rescueatpineridge.com

I know you’ll enjoy the novel. I wrote it from my mini-series movie of the same title, “RaPR” to keep my story alive. Hollywood has had a lot of strikes and doesn't like telling our stories...its been “his-story” of history all along…until now. The movie so far has attached, Bill Duke directing, Hill Harper, Glynn Turman, James Whitmore Jr. and a host of other major actors in which we are in talks with…see imdb.com at; http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0925633/

When you get a chance, also please visit our Alpha Wolf Production website at; http://www.alphawolfprods.com and see our other productions, like Stagecoach Mary, the first Black Woman to deliver mail for Wells Fargo in Montana, in the 1890's, “spread the word”.

Peace.

Janette said...

thanks for the information Buffalo Soldier 9. Since I live outside of Fort Riley, KS- I truly appreciate the Buffalo Soldiers who once called this post home (even if their housing was off post).

Janette said...

I did finish the project and it includes a few more links. I was really pleased with the outcome. Thanks for the input!